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From: "Roy C. Lackey" 
Subject: (urth) Get a bigger hammer
Date: Mon, 23 Dec 2002 02:27:51 -0600

Chris wrote:
>The second possibility is to, as a reader, come up with a reading of the
>text that is as aesthetically pleasing (to you) as you can. In this sense
>are in some way pushing each other to come up with more beautiful
>interpretations in consistency, form, and symmetry among other things - and
>in this context, what the author *meant* has little if anything to do with

I cannot agree. Authorial intent is not to be dismissed so casually.
Propagandists of one stripe or another have historically cited respected,
even revered, sources in support of their cause. The Bible is a good
example. Verses can be (and have been) quoted from it that would seem to
justify a whole host of evils, from slavery to war to genocide. The Nazis
quoted Nietzsche. Madison and Jefferson are often cited in church/state
debates by atheists and believers alike as authorities in support of
opposing agenda. Authorial intent, where it can be discerned, has everything
to do with it. Quotes out of context and those that are not representative
of the whole distort the meaning of the work.

Granted, readers may discover more in a given work than the author was
consciously aware of having included, but those findings, even if they are
textually viable, may not belie the internal logic of the work or subvert
the author's conscious intent. Authors, especially good authors, are often
surprised, not always pleasantly, by the things readers find in their work
that they never thought to put in it. Such findings tend to be harmless if
the story was well written in the first place; that is, if authorial intent
is not compromised by such a reading. Nutria has, in the past, stated rather
dogmatically that Wolfe--the man, the Christian, the whatever--would never
put this or that in his books, where the character espousing this or that
could be taken as representative of Wolfe's view. I tend to agree. If Wolfe
has a character killing babies in a story, you can bet that character is a
bad guy, and Wolfe isn't a bad guy.

IIRC, Dan'l, some months back, wrote something to the effect that not all
readings are equal, by which he meant that some readings just can't be
justified by the text. Such readings say more about the reader than the
writer. There seems to me to be an attempt by some to pound Wolfe's round
texts into the square holes of external models. Such readers see, or think
they see, similarities in Wolfe's fiction to other things they have read.
Sure, Wolfe doesn't write in a vacuum. Any well-read reader can see
influences--stylistic, thematic, or what have you--in Wolfe's work. It's
obvious that Wolfe has read some history, mythology, religion, science,
etc., as well as the work of other authors, in and out of the genre. But
Wolfe is his own man. He may borrow ideas from others, but he doesn't
rewrite others' work. He isn't Vance, or Baum, or Graves, or Proust, or God;
he's just on familiar terms with them.

Mantis has sought in vain for the original sources of the embedded stories
in PEACE. The stories seem so familiar to readers of Burton or Lang or
whomever, that it seems almost as if we have read them before. But he can't
find them because they don't exist, not quite. He can find stories like
them, but not entirely the same. Even Cinderella is twisted. I have likewise
shown that the Sidhe story is a distortion of another Celtic folktale. Wolfe
recast them all to serve his own ends. I believe that the same is true for
other detectable influences. A one-for-one correlation between Wolfe's work
and any external model just isn't going to be found, because he doesn't
write that way.

Severian isn't Jesus, despite demonstrable similarities in their stories.
Silk isn't Moses; hell, he actually got to the promised land. North isn't G.
Gordon Liddy. The resemblance of CASTLEVIEW to the Arthurian cycle isn't
very deep. The list can be expanded, but the result remains the same;
attempts to force what Wolfe actually wrote to fit an external model won't
work, and using a bigger hammer won't make it so.

Some readers see what they want to see and disregard anything in the text
that is not convenient to their theories as attributable to opinionated but
ignorant characters or disingenuous narrators, even when said individuals
are the authors of the entire text, including those parts on which their
theories were founded. What's worse, some of those mouthpieces _are_ wrong,
for whatever reason. Deciding what is textually true and what is not then
becomes an exercise in belief or reason, and those two remain poor

>Chris - wondering if "Cheese" is a valid Vironese name.

I dunno, but with alga's pet Rat on the list, I'd think twice about it. 



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